Doctoral dissertations and proposal writing are an academic type of writing that a student has to undertake so that they can graduate with a graduate degree. Normally, this is the kind of research that one has to do and also write the final research paper so that they can be awarded with a graduate degree, also known as the doctoral degree. The matter of writing a doctoral dissertation requires a student to carry out research so that they can be able to tackle the problem that they have identified. This means that one will need to support their arguments such that their findings can have a basis that is supported by facts. There are a number of ways in which one can carry out research for their dissertations.
The first method of carrying out research has to do with the research instrument that is known as a questionnaire. This is a research instrument that gathers data over a large sample. They are structured questions that one will have to give to their respondents.
One can also carry out their research through what is known as interview schedules. Interviews are questions that are asked to the respondents orally. With the interviews, one will have to come face to face with their respondents so that they can get to have all the information that they need from the respondents. Interviews can be structured or they can as well be unstructured. One could also gather the research data that they need through focused group discussions. A focus group could be made of six to seven people and these are people who share certain characteristics which are relevant for the study.
In all the above means of obtaining data, one will need to be accurate so that the data that they will gather can be turned into information for the writing of the final dissertation.